Feb 242014

What is Comedogenic? Comedogenic refers to substances/ingredients which cause a comedo – a clogged hair follicle (pore) in the skin. Combination of oil and keratin (skin debris) blocks the follicle, causing blackheads, whiteheads and acne as a result of infection. How can I know if my cosmetic product is comedogenic? As a rule of thumb: read the ingredients list. Just as with toxic ingredients you should avoid in your cosmetic products, you should apply the same approach with comedogenic ingredients: learn about them and then avoid them. Are all ingredients on comedogenic list of ingredients equally comedogenic for everyone? No. For example, coconut oil is an excellent ingredient on itself and in combination with other ingredients; a great emollient, moisturizer, […]

Feb 202014

What are fatty acids? Fatty acids are important components of lipids (fat-soluble components of living cells) in plants, animals, and microorganisms. Fatty acids used to be designated as vitamin F, however later research showed they are better classified as fats rather than vitamins. There are saturated fatty acids (caprylic acid, capric acid, lauric acid, myristic acid, palmitic acid, stearic acid) and unsaturated fatty acids (linoleic acid, linolenic acid/alpha-Linolenic acid, oleic acid, palmitoleic acid). Both saturated fatty acids and unsaturated fatty acids are found in many carrier oils/vegetable oils and body butters. How are fatty acids obtained? Fatty acids are usually derived from triglycerides (esters, derived from glycerol and three fatty acid) or phospholipids (a class of lipids that are a […]

Feb 172014
Essential Oils

What are essential oils? Essential oils are the main component in aromatherapy. Extracted, usually via steam distillation, expression or solvent extraction, from various parts of plants: flowers, leaves, fruits, spices,resins, roots, etc. Essential oils have been in use for thousands of years. Oils are essential due to their distinctive scent/essence of a plant. 1. Orange 2. Lemon 3. Chamomile 4. Tea Tree 5. Patchouli 6. Lemongrass 7. Lavender 8. Damask Rose Steam distillation of essential oils Essential oils are extracted via steam distillation, expression or solvent extraction from various parts of plants: flowers, leaves, fruits, spices,resins, roots, etc. Today, most common essential oils β€” such as lavender, peppermint, and eucalyptus β€” are distilled. Raw plant material, consisting of the flowers, […]

Feb 132014
Hydrolates (hydrosols/flower waters)

What are hydrolates? 1. Rose Hydrolate 2. Chamomile Hydrolate 3. Geranium Hydrolate 4. Lavender Hydrolate 5. Tea Tree Hydrolate 6. Witch Hazel Hydrolate 7. Peppermint Hydrolate 8. Orange Hydrolate Hydrolates (also known as hydrosols, flower waters, herbal waters, essential waters and herbal distillates) are are aqueous solutions or colloidal suspensions of essential oils usually obtained by steam distillation from aromatic plants. Once considered a by-product of essential oils production, but due to their excellent properties are now considered an important co-product, used in aromatherapy, cosmetics, as well as in culinary as flavorings. Production of hydrolates 1. Chamomile 2. Orange 3. Damask Rose 4. Tea Tree 5. Lavender Hydrosols are produced in the same manner as essential oils – via steam […]

Feb 102014
Body Butters

What are body butters? Body butters are solid or semi-solid in their consistency ingredients. They are produced via extraction of various parts of the plants: seeds, trees and roots. Body butters have been used for centuries, all over the world, due to their nourishing properties. They are widely used in cosmetic products, as well as in culinary. Extraction of body butters Body butters are extracted from various parts of the plants, usually by crushing and boiling the parts in water. The extracted body butters then rise to the surface, where they are scooped and left to cool off. No chemicals may be added to the body butters (in order to remain natural). They are best when they remain raw, unrefined. […]

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