Feb 242014
 
What is Comedogenic?

Comedogenic refers to substances/ingredients which cause a comedo – a clogged hair follicle (pore) in the skin. Combination of oil and keratin (skin debris) blocks the follicle, causing blackheads, whiteheads and acne as a result of infection.

How can I know if my cosmetic product is comedogenic?

As a rule of thumb: read the ingredients list. Just as with toxic ingredients you should avoid in your cosmetic products, you should apply the same approach with comedogenic ingredients: learn about them and then avoid them.

Are all ingredients on comedogenic list of ingredients equally comedogenic for everyone?

No. For example, coconut oil is an excellent ingredient on itself and in combination with other ingredients; a great emollient, moisturizer, used in skin care, body care and hair care products. However, if you have an acne prone skin, coconut oil may very well prove to be comedogenic for you and thus you should avoid the products which contain coconut oil.
There’s a general list of comedogenic ingredients, and while most of them are synthetic ingredients, some natural ingredients may be found on that list. What may suit your skin, may not suit someone else’s skin. Coconut oil may be comedogenic when used on the face, but not when used on the body and hair.

So, not only synthetic ingredients, but some natural ingredients can be comedogenic, too?

Yes. It should be noted, that for a long time, it was said that vegetable oils are not for oily and/or acne prone skin. That is not true. Some vegetable oils can be comedogenic for some people, but not all vegetable oils are comedogenic for all people. Before I learned about cosmetic ingredients and therefore started using natural organic cosmetic products, I believed that, for example, olive oil causes acne and should be avoided by those who have oily skin. In my case, that proved not to be the case. I’ve been using olive oil alone and as an ingredient in many natural organic cosmetic products with no problem at all.

The label on a product says it’s non-comedogenic. Is it really?

No. Companies put all sorts of high-flying claims on their products (we’ve talked about greenwashing in the Intro Guide article “What’s the difference between Natural, Organic, Bio, Eco?”). Just because a label on a cosmetic product says it’s natural and/or organic, you shouldn’t believe it is until you’ve read the ingredients list; the same should be applied when a product says it’s non-comedogenic. You’d be surprised to learn just how many products, which advertise themselves as non-comedogenic contain comedogenic ingredients. Or even worse – products, advertised as anti-acne treatments – contain, actually, comedogenic ingredients!
And even if there’s no typical comedogenic ingredient in the product, a certain ingredient may very well clog your pores – for a simple reason – everyone’s skin is different. So, ingredients list + necessary testing of a cosmetic product may be in order for your to discover if the product suits your skin.

I have normal/dry skin. Should I worry about comedogenic ingredients?

Maybe. As previously said, everyone’s skin is different. While those (lucky ones) who have normal skin, will not have that many problems with comedogenic ingredients, likewise those, who have dry skin, again – short of testing which ingredients are not suitable for your skin, it’s hard to apply a general rule. Dry skin or not, you should avoid toxic ingredients (and quite a number of comedogenic ingredients fall under toxic ingredients) such as petrolatum because even those, who have dry skin may have sensitive (easily irritated) skin as well, so while an ingredient may not clog your pores, it may be irritating to your skin.

If one ingredient is comedogenic when used on a face and/or neck is it also comedogenic when used on a body?

Not necessarily. Coconut oil or cocoa butter may be comedogenic when used on acne prone skin on the face, but perfectly suitable when used as a body lotion (unless the skin on your body suffers from acne as well); alone or mixed with other ingredients.

Is an ingredient still comedogenic if farther down the ingredients list?

Yes. While the ingredients farther down the list they are listed, less of a concentration a product consists of it and thus has less effect, most comedogenic ingredients may still very well cause clogged pores – again, depending on your skin. However, you should keep one thing in mind; just as there’s a problem with a buildup of toxic ingredients, so there is a problem with a buildup of comedogenic ingredients. Think about it: if a comedogenic ingredient is listed farther down the ingredient list and thus is less concentration, you use a toner, then serum, maybe moisturizer, then foundation and blush, all containing comedogenic ingredients in less concentration – but the buildup of comedogenic ingredients is substantial.

So, where’s the list with comedogenic ingredients? Glad you asked.

Here’s the list of typical comedogenic ingredients, short explanation, followed by comedogenic scale (1 – irritating, 2 – highly irritating, 3 – comedogenic, 4 – highly comedogenic, 5 – extremely comedogenic) and a link to EWG (click on the name of the ingredient) for you to do some more research on the given ingredient, including toxicity of the cosmetic ingredient.

 

Comedogenic Ingredients:

 

Isopropyl isostearate

Function: emollient
Used in: lipstick, foundation, concealer, lip gloss, eye shadow, bronzer, facial powder, CC cream, lip liner, eye liner, skin care (moisturizer, anti-aging treatments, sunscreen, around eye cream, body firming lotion, after-shave, baby oil, …
Scale: 5

Isopropyl myristate

Function: emollient, solvent, fragrance ingredient
Used in: foundation, eye shadow, blush, lip gloss, eye liner, lip balm, bronzer, concealer, moisturizer, anti-aging treatment, moisturizer, lip balm, facial cleanser, anti-acne treatments (!), hand cream, shampoo, body oil, body spray, hair spray, damaged skin treatments (!)
Scale: 5

Laureth-4

Function: emulsifying agent
Used in: foundation, concealer, eye liner, sunscreen, anti-acne treatment (!), anti-aging treatment, moisturizer, shampoo, body wash,…
Scale: 5

Myristyl myristate

Function: emollient
Used in: lipstick, foundation, concealer, eye liner, sunscreen, moisturizer, lip balm,…
Scale: 5

Oleth-3

Function: fragrance ingredient, emulsifying agent
Used in: sunscreen, anti-aging treatments, styling gel
Scale: 5

Acetylated lanolin (alcohol)

Function: emollient, emulsifying agent
Used in: lip gloss, eye shadow, lipstick, lip balm, blush, foundation, sunscreen, moisturizer, anti-acne treatment (!),…
Scale: 4

Cetearyl alcohol

Function: emollient, emulsifying agent
Used in: moisturizer , anti-aging, facial cleanser, sunscreen, around-eye cream, exfoliant, anti-acne treatment (!), lip balm, foundation, concealer, lipstick, eye liner, mascara, conditioner, shampoo, baby lotion…
Scale: 4

Ceteareth 20

Function: surfactant
Used in: moisturizer, anti-aging, facial cleanser, exfoliant, anti-acne treatment (!), sunscreen, foundation, concealer, conditioner, shampoo, baby lotion,
Scale: 4

Cocoa butter

Function: emollient
Used in: moisturizer, sunscreen, shaving cream, lip balm, lip gloss, lipstick, body wash, body lotion, body oil, conditioner, shampoo, baby lotion,…
Scale: 4

Coconut butter

Function: fragrance ingredient, emollient
Used in: moisturizer, lip balm, exfoliant, sunscreen, shaving cream, lipstick, lip gloss, bar soap, body wash, body lotion, body oil, conditioner, shampoo,…
Scale: 4

Isostearyl isostearate

Function: emollient
Used in: moisturizer, lip balm, facial cleanser, exfoliant, anti-aging, lipstick, lip gloss, eye shadow, bronzer, mascara,…
Scale: 4

Isopropyl palmitate

Function: fragrance ingredient, emollient
Used in: moisturizer, anti-aging, sunscreen, facial cleanser, exfoliant, lipstick, eye shadow, eye liner, foundation, concealer, bronzer, lipstick, lip gloss, body spray, body lotion, conditioner, shampoo, baby lotion,…
Scale: 4

Lauric acid

Function: fragrance ingredient, emulsifying agent, surfactant
Used in: moisturizer, toner, facial cleanser, sunscreen, exfoliant, anti-aging, anti-acne treatment (!), body wash, bar soap, deodorant, foundation, eye shadow, hair color, shampoo, conditioner,…
Scale: 4

Myristyl lactate

Function: emollient
Used in: moisturizer, sunscreen, lipstick, lip gloss, lip liner, eye liner, blush, concealer, foundation,…
Scale: 4

Stearyl heptanoate

Function: emollient
Used in: moisturizer, sunscreen, toner, anti-aging, eye liner, lip liner,…
Scale: 4

Butyl stearate

Function: fragrance ingredient, emollient
Used in: moisturizer, lip balm, lip liner, eye liner, lipstick, bronzer, body oil, styling gel,…
Scale: 3

Decyl oleate

Function: emollient
Used in: moisturizer, anti-aging, exfoliant, sunscreen, foundation, concealer, conditioner, styling gel, hair color, baby lotion,
Scale: 3

Glyceryl stearate SE

Function: emulsifying agent, surfactant
Used in: moisturizer, anti-acne treatment (!), anti-aging, lip balm, toner, facial cleanser, sunscreen, exfoliant, mascara, eye liner, body wash, conditioner, hair color, styling gel, shampoo, baby lotion,…
Scale: 3

Isostearyl neopentanoate

Function: emollient
Used in: moisturizer, sunscreen, facial cleanser, foundation, eye shadow, concealer, blush, eye liner, lipstick, shampoo, conditioner, baby lotion,…
Scale: 3

Laureth-23

Function: surfactant
Used in: moisturizer, anti-aging, sunscreen, blush, mascara, body wash, deodorant, conditioner, hair color, shampoo, baby lotion,…
Scale: 3

Myristic acid

Function: emulsifying agent, surfactant, fragrance ingredient
Used in: moisturizer, anti-acne treatment (!), facial cleanser, sunscreen, exfoliant, anti-aging, mascara, eye shadow, body wash, conditioner, shampoo,
Scale: 3

Stearic acid

Function: emollient
Used in: moisturizer, sunscreen, lipstick, lip gloss, foundation, concealer, hair color,
Scale: 3

 

Other comedogenic ingredients:

Benzoic Acid; Cetyl Acetate; Cetyl Alcohol; Colloidal Sulfur; Dioctyl Succinate; Disodium; Monooleamido PEG 2-Sulfosuccinate; Ethoxylated Lanolin; Ethylhexyl Palmitate; Glyceryl-3-Diisosterate; Hexadecyl Alcohol; Isocetyl Alcohol; Isocetyl Stearate; Isodecyl Oleate; Isopropyl Linolate; Octyl Palmitate; Octyl Stearate; Oleyl Alcohol; PEG 150 Distearate; PEG 200 Dilaurate; PEG 8 Stearate; PEG 16 Lanolin; Polyglyceryl-3-Diisosterate; Potassium Chloride; Propylene Glycol Monostearate; Red Algae; Sodium Chloride; Sodium Lauryl Suflate; Solulan 16; Steareth 10; Syearyl Heptanoate; Xylene

Natural ingredients that may be comedogenic:

Algae Extract, Almond Oil; Apricot Kernel Oil; Cocoa butter; Coconut Butter; Coconut Oil; Sandelwood Seed Oil; Sesame Oil; Wheat Germ Oil

 

Feb 202014
 
What are fatty acids?

Fatty acids are important components of lipids (fat-soluble components of living cells) in plants, animals, and microorganisms. Fatty acids used to be designated as vitamin F, however later research showed they are better classified as fats rather than vitamins. There are saturated fatty acids (caprylic acid, capric acid, lauric acid, myristic acid, palmitic acid, stearic acid) and unsaturated fatty acids (linoleic acid, linolenic acid/alpha-Linolenic acid, oleic acid, palmitoleic acid). Both saturated fatty acids and unsaturated fatty acids are found in many carrier oils/vegetable oils and body butters.

How are fatty acids obtained?

Fatty acids are usually derived from triglycerides (esters, derived from glycerol and three fatty acid) or phospholipids (a class of lipids that are a major component of all cell membranes).

Saturated fatty acids properties
  • Caprylic acid (Emollient. Emulsifier. Anti-bacterial, antimicrobial. Anti-fungal. Emollient. Thickening agent. Found in: coconut oil and palm kernel oil).
  • Capric acid (Emollient. Emulsifier. Found in: coconut oil 10% and palm kernel oil 4%).
  • Lauric acid (Antimicrobial. Found in: coconut oil).
  • Myristic acid (Surfactant. Cleansing agent. Found in: coconut oil, palm kernel oil, sea buckthorn oil).
  • Palmitic acid (Emollient. Emulsifier. Found in: palm kernel oil, almond oil 6%, apricot kernel oil 5%, argan oil 12%, avocado oil 14%, borage seed oil 5%, calendula oil 4%, evening primrose oil 6%, grapeseed oil 7%, hazelnut oil 5%, hemp oil 6%, jojoba oil 6%, neem oil 12%, peach kernel oil 5-8%, rosehip oil 3%, sea buckthorn oil 30%, sesame oil, soya oil 9%, St Johns Wort oil 6%, sunflower oil 4%, wheatgerm oil 12%).
  • Stearic acid (Emollient. Emulsifier. Surfactant. Softening agent. Found in: almond oil, apricot kernel oil, argan oil 6%, borage seed oil, calendula oil 2%, grapeseed oil 4%, hazelnut oil 2%, hemp oil 2%, jojoba oil 2%, neem oil 21%, sesame oil, soya oil 3%, St Johns Wort oil, sunflower oil 2%, cocoa butter and shea butter).
Unsaturated fatty acids properties
  • Linoleic acid (Antioxidant. Emollient. Anti-irritating properties. Found in: almond oil 26%, apricot kernel oil 28%, argan oil 36%, avocado oil 11%, borage seed oil 14%, buriti oil, calendula oil 16%, evening primrose oil 75%, flax seed oil 16%, grapeseed oil 72%, hazelnut oil 10%, macadamia oil, neem oil 2%, olive oil, peach kernel oil 15-35%, rosehip oil 44%, safflower oil 78%, sea buckthorn oil 6%, soya oil 53%, St Johns Wort oil 26%, sunflower oil 16%, wheatgerm oil 52%).
  • Linolenic acid/alpha-Linolenic acid (Skin-conditioning agent. Anti-inflammatory. Found in: almond oil, apricot kernel oil, argan oil, avocado oil, borage seed oil, camellia seed oil, coconut oil, flax seed oil 53%, grapeseed oil, macadamia oil, olive oil, rosehip oil 33%, safflower oil, sea buckthorn oil 2%, sesame oil, soya oil 7%, sunflower oil, wheatgerm oil).
  • Oleic acid (Emollient. Emulsifier. Surfectant. Found in: olive oil, almond oil 64%, apricot kernel oil 64%, argan oil 42%, avocado oil 65%, borage seed oil 64%, calendula oil 74%, camellia seed oil 85%, coconut oil 85%, evening primrose oil 7%, flax seed oil 21%, grapeseed oil 16%, hazelnut oil 82%, macadamia oil 60%, meadowfoam oil 3%, neem oil 52%, olive oil 60%, peach kernel oil 55-75%, rosehip oil 16%, safflower oil 13%, sea buckthorn oil 20%, sesame oil, soya oil 23%, St Johns Wort oil 65%, sunflower oil 74%, wheatgerm oil 30%).
  • Palmitoleic acid (Anti-inflammatory. Found in: grapeseed oil, macadamia oil 19%, olive oil 19%, and sea buckthorn oil 34%, sesame oil).

For more on cosmetic ingredients, please read our extensive ingredients list.

 

Feb 172014
 
What are essential oils?

Essential oils are the main component in aromatherapy. Extracted, usually via steam distillation, expression or solvent extraction, from various parts of plants: flowers, leaves, fruits, spices,resins, roots, etc. Essential oils have been in use for thousands of years. Oils are essential due to their distinctive scent/essence of a plant.

Eseential Oils Extraction, natureofeurope.com

1. Orange 2. Lemon 3. Chamomile 4. Tea Tree 5. Patchouli 6. Lemongrass 7. Lavender 8. Damask Rose

Steam distillation of essential oils

Essential oils are extracted via steam distillation, expression or solvent extraction from various parts of plants: flowers, leaves, fruits, spices,resins, roots, etc.

Distillation Apparatus, essential oils, distillation, natureofeurope.com

Today, most common essential oils — such as lavender, peppermint, and eucalyptus — are distilled. Raw plant material, consisting of the flowers, leaves, wood, bark, roots, seeds, or peel, is put into an alembic (distillation apparatus) over water. As the water is heated, the steam passes through the plant material, vaporizing the volatile compounds. The vapors flow through a coil, where they condense back to liquid, which is then collected in the receiving vessel. – via Wikipedia

Cosmetic use of essential oils

Essential Oils in Cosmetics Face Care Makeup, natureofeurope.com

1. Suki Spa Targeted Bio-Brightening Face Serum 2. Derma e Refining Vitamin A and Glycolic Toner 3. Dr Alkaitis Day Cream 4. Miessence Mineral Powder 5. Juice Beauty Reflecting Foundation 6. Lily Lolo Lipstick 7. Balm Balm Rose Lip Balm

Essential oils are widely used in natural organic cosmetic industry. Essential oils are used in natural organic skin care products (moisturizer, toner, cleanser, lip balm, etc…), natural organic make up products (foundation, lipstick, lipgloss, etc…), natural organic body care (body lotion, body butter, body wash, massage oil, etc…), natural organic hair care (shampoo, conditioner, etc…) and of course – natural organic fragrance products (perfume, candles, diffusers).

Essential Oils in Cosmetics Body and Hair Care, natureofeurope.com

1. Dr. Hauschka Lemongrass Body Oil 2. Green People Body Lotion 3. Deep Steep Lavender & Chamomile Body Wash 4. The Organic Pharmacy Rose Hair Conditioner 5. A’kin Hair Mask 6. John Masters Organics Lavender Shampoo

Essential oils are highly concentrated and thus should be used only when diluted with carrier oils/vegetable oils, body butters. They can be freely mixed with other essential oils, whether to create unique scents or to compliment each other when used for a specific type of skin.

Essential Oils in Cosmetics Fragrance, natureofeurope.com

1. Neom Luxury Organics Candle 2. Aromatherapy Associates Candle 3. Tsi-La Perfume 4. Lavera Rose Perfume 5. The Organic Glam Perfume 6. Pacifica Rose Perfume 7. Florascent Lavender Perfume

Essential oils properties
  • Anti-bacterial properties (lavender essential oil, lemon essential oil, lemongrass essential oil, patchouli essential oil, pine essential oil, spearmint essential oil, tea tree essential oil)
  • Anti-fungal properties (cedarwood essential oil, myrrh essential oil, patchouli essential oil, peppermint essential oil, pine essential oil, spearmint essential oil, tea tree essential oil, thyme essential oil)
  • Anti-irritant properties (lemon essential oil, ylang ylang essential oil)
  • Anti-inflammatory properties (chamomile essential oil, frankincense essential oil, geranium essential oil, jasmine essential oil, myrrh essential oil, peppermint essential oil, sandalwood essential oil)
  • Anti-microbal properties (peppermint essential oil, spearmint essential oil)
  • Antioxidant properties (chamomile essential oil, rose otto essential oil)
  • Anti-septic properties (carrot seed oil, cedarwood essential oil, chamomile essential oil, geranium essential oil, jasmine essential oil, lavender essential oil, myrrh essential oil, niaouli essential oil, orange essential oil, patchouli essential oil, peppermint essential oil, pine essential oil, tangerine essential oil, tea tree essential oil, thyme essential oil)
  • Anti-viral properties (tea tree essential oil)
  • Astringent properties (bergamont essential oil, cedarwood essential oil, chamomile essential oil, frankincense essential oil, geranium essential oil, lemon essential oil, myrrh essential oil, myrtle essential oil, neroli essential oil, sandalwood essential oil)
Mostly used essential oils

Maybe, most famous and expensive essential oil is Rose oil, produced from the petals of Rosa damascena and Rosa centifolia. Used in fragrance products for its famous rose scent, as well as in variety of natural organic cosmetic products such as moisturizers and toners. Tea tree essential oil is used in anti-acne treatments, soaps, disinfection treatments, hair care products and oral care products. Chamomile essential oil is used in moisturizers and toners, geared mainly for dry and mature skin. Lavender essential oil is used in skin care products, body care products, hair care products; from shampoos, moisturizers, soaps, to home fragrance.

Essential Oils, natureofeurope.com

1. Lemon Essential Oil 2. Lemongrass Essential Oil 3. Sweet Orange Essential Oil 4. Rose Otto Absolute 5. Chamomile Essential Oil 6. Tea Tree Essential Oil 7. Patchouli Essential Oil 8. Lavender Essential Oil

The versatility of the many properties gives essential oils the ability to be mixed with many other essential oils, carrier oils/vegetable oils, body butters and hydrolates, in order to create a variety of the products, suitable for every skin type.

Essential oils use based on the skin type
  • Sensitive skin (chamomile essential oil, geranium essential oil, jasmine essential oil, lavender essential oil, neroli essential oil, rose otto essential oil, ylang ylang essential oil)
  • Oily skin (bergamont essential oil, geranium essential oil, jasmine essential oil, lavender essential oil, lemongrass essential oil, myrtle essential oil, neroli essential oil, orange essential oil, peppermint essential oil, rose otto essential oil, sandalwood essential oil, tangerine essential oil, tea tree essential oil, thyme essential oil, ylang ylang essential oil)
  • Dry skin (chamomile essential oil, geranium essential oil, jasmine essential oil, lavender essential oil, lemon essential oil, orange essential oil, rose otto essential oil, sandalwood essential oil, ylang ylang essential oil)
  • Acne prone skin (bergamont essential oil, chamomile essential oil, lavender essential oil, lemongrass essential oil, myrtle essential oil, niaouli essential oil, peppermint essential oil, pine essential oil, rose otto essential oil, sandalwood essential oil, tangerine essential oil, tea tree essential oil, thyme essential oil, ylang ylang essential oil)

 

For more properties of the essential oils, please read our extensive ingredients list.

Where to buy essential oils?

Akoma Skincare UK {Shipping: International}
Products (carrier oils/vegetable oils, essential oils, body butters, clays, black soap)

Aromantic UK {Shipping: International}
Products (essential oils, carrier oils/vegetable oils, hydrolates, body butters)

Holland&Barrett UK {Shipping: International)
Products (essential oils, carrier oils/vegetable oils, body butters)

Naturally Thinking UK {Shipping: International}
Products (carrier oils/vegetable oils, essential oils, body butters, hydrolates, clays)

Neal’s Yard Remedies UK {Shipping: International}
Products (essential oils, carrier oils/vegetable oils)

100% Pure Essential Oils USA {Shipping: USA, Canada}
Products (essential oils, carrier oils/vegetable oils)

Africa Imports USA {Shipping: International}
Products (body butters, carrier oils/vegetable oils, essential oils)

Aura Cacia USA {Shipping: USA}
Products (essential oils, essential oil blends, carrier oils/vegetable oils)

Bio Source Naturals USA {Shipping: USA}
Products (essential oils, carrier oils/vegetable oils, hydrolates)

Bramble Berry USA {Shipping: International}
Products (essential oils, carrier oils/vegetable oils, body butters)

Camden – Grey USA {Shipping: International}
Products (essential oils, carrier oils/vegetable oils, body butters)

Essential Wholesale USA {Shipping: International}
Products (carrier oils/vegetable oils, essential oils, hydrolates)

EO USA {Shipping: USA}
Products (essential oils)

e-Vitamins USA {Shipping: International}
Products (essential oils, carrier oils/vegetable oils, body butters, hydrolates)

iHerb USA {Shipping: International}
Products (essential oils, carrier oils/vegetable oils, body butters, hydrolates)

Lotion Crafter USA {Shipping: International}
Products (carrier oils/vegetable oils, essential oils, body butters, hydrolates)

Making Cosmetics USA {Shipping: International}
Products (carrier oils/vegetable oils, essential oils, hydrolates, body butters)

SunRose Aromatics USA {Shipping: International}
Products (essential oils, carrier oils/vegetable oils, hydrolates, body butters)

Out of Africa USA {Shipping: USA}
Products (body butters, carrier oils/vegetable oils, essential oils)

Wholesale Supplies Plus USA {Shipping: International}
Products (essential oils, carrier oils7vegetable oils, hydrolates, body butters)

N – Essentials Australia {Shipping: International}
Products (carrier oils/vegetable oils, essential oils, body butters, hydrolates, clays}

Go Native New Zealand {Shipping: New Zealand}
Products (carrier oils/vegetable oils, essential oils, body butters, hydrolates, clays, herbs}

Feb 132014
 
What are hydrolates?

Hydrolates, natureofeurope.com

1. Rose Hydrolate 2. Chamomile Hydrolate 3. Geranium Hydrolate 4. Lavender Hydrolate 5. Tea Tree Hydrolate 6. Witch Hazel Hydrolate 7. Peppermint Hydrolate 8. Orange Hydrolate

Hydrolates (also known as hydrosols, flower waters, herbal waters, essential waters and herbal distillates) are are aqueous solutions or colloidal suspensions of essential oils usually obtained by steam distillation from aromatic plants. Once considered a by-product of essential oils production, but due to their excellent properties are now considered an important co-product, used in aromatherapy, cosmetics, as well as in culinary as flavorings.

Production of hydrolates

Hydrolates extraction, natureofeurope.com

1. Chamomile 2. Orange 3. Damask Rose 4. Tea Tree 5. Lavender

Hydrosols are produced in the same manner as essential oils – via steam distillation process. Essential oils float at the top of the distillate, where they are removed, leaving behind a watery distillate. Hydrolates contain around 10% of the distilled essential oils. Due to containing more plant acids than essential oils, hydrolates are very skin friendly, do not need to be diluted and can be freely used on the skin as they are.

Cosmetic use of hydrolates

Hydrolates in Cosmetics, natureofeurope.com

1. Antipodes Facial Toner 2. Antonia Burrell Tonic 3. Herbfarmacy Toner 4. John Masters Organics Bearberry Toner 5. Madara Comforting Toner 6. Mychelle Fruit Enzyme Mist 7. Patyka Rose Face Toner 8. Suki Balancing Toner 9. Tata Harper Floral Essence Toner 10. Therapi Orange Toner

Hydrolates are mostly used as toners. They can be used alone, or mixed with other compatible ingredients (extracts). Hydrolates can be freely mixed with each other (for example: rose hydrolate and tea tree hydrolate). Hydrolates can be used for every skin type, regardless whether it’s a rose hydrolate, chamomile hydrolate, etc…
Hydrolates can be used as ingredients in many cosmetic products, mainly instead of water.

Hydrolates properties

Based on which essential oil a hydrolate is a by-product of, the properties of the hydrolates are thus inherited from the essential oils. A few examples of hydrolates properties:

  • Anti-bacterial properties (lavender hydrolate, manuka honey hydrolate, peppermint hydrolate, tea tree hydrolate, witch hazel hydrolate)
  • Anti-fungal properties (manuka honey hydrolate, peppermint hydrolate, tea tree hydrolate)
  • Anti-irritant properties (chamomile hydrolate, melissa hydrolate, rose hydrolate, ylang ylang hydrolate)
  • Anti-inflammatory properties (chamomile hydrolate, geranium hydrolate)
  • Anti-microbal properties (peppermint hydrolate)
  • Antioxidant properties (chamomile hydrolate, rose hydrolate, witch hazel hydrolate)
  • Anti-septic properties (chamomile hydrolate, geranium hydrolate, lavender hydrolate, orange hydrolate, peppermint hydrolate, tea tree hydrolate)
  • Anti-viral properties (tea tree hydrolate)
  • Astringent properties (chamomile hydrolate, geranium hydrolate, manuka honey hydrolate, rosemary hydrolate, witch hazel hydrolate)
Hydrolates used based on the skin type
  • Sensitive skin (chamomile hydrolate, geranium hydrolate, lavender hydrolate, rose hydrolate, ylang ylang hydrolate)
  • Oily skin (geranium hydrolate, lavender hydrolate, manuka honey hydrolate, orange hydrolate, peppermint hydrolate, rose hydrolate, rosemary hydrolate, tea tree hydrolate, witch hazel hydrolate, ylang ylang hydrolate)
  • Dry skin (chamomile hydrolate, geranium hydrolate, lavender hydrolate, melissa hydrolate, orange hydrolate, rose hydrolate, ylang ylang hydrolate)
  • Acne prone skin (chamomile hydrolate, lavender hydrolate, manuka honey hydrolate, peppermint hydrolate, rose hydrolate, tea tree hydrolate, witch hazel hydrolate, ylang ylang hydrolate)

Caution: When buying hydrolates, you should pay attention whether they are truly hydrolates, since some are selling products containing water mixed with a few drops of essential oils.

For more information on hydrolates and their properties, please click our extensive list of cosmetic ingredients.

Where to buy hydrolates?

Akoma Skincare UK {Shipping: International}
Products (carrier oils/vegetable oils, essential oils, body butters, clays, black soap)

Aromantic UK {Shipping: International}
Products (essential oils, carrier oils/vegetable oils, hydrolates, body butters)

Holland&Barrett UK {Shipping: International)
Products (essential oils, carrier oils/vegetable oils, body butters)

Naturally Thinking UK {Shipping: International}
Products (carrier oils/vegetable oils, essential oils, body butters, hydrolates, clays)

Neal’s Yard Remedies UK {Shipping: International}
Products (essential oils, carrier oils/vegetable oils)

100% Pure Essential Oils USA {Shipping: USA, Canada}
Products (essential oils, carrier oils/vegetable oils)

Africa Imports USA {Shipping: International}
Products (body butters, carrier oils/vegetable oils, essential oils)

Aura Cacia USA {Shipping: USA}
Products (essential oils, essential oil blends, carrier oils/vegetable oils)

Bio Source Naturals USA {Shipping: USA}
Products (essential oils, carrier oils/vegetable oils, hydrolates)

Bramble Berry USA {Shipping: International}
Products (essential oils, carrier oils/vegetable oils, body butters)

Camden – Grey USA {Shipping: International}
Products (essential oils, carrier oils/vegetable oils, body butters)

Essential Wholesale USA {Shipping: International}
Products (carrier oils/vegetable oils, essential oils, hydrolates)

EO USA {Shipping: USA}
Products (essential oils)

e-Vitamins USA {Shipping: International}
Products (essential oils, carrier oils/vegetable oils, body butters, hydrolates)

iHerb USA {Shipping: International}
Products (essential oils, carrier oils/vegetable oils, body butters, hydrolates)

Lotion Crafter USA {Shipping: International}
Products (carrier oils/vegetable oils, essential oils, body butters, hydrolates)

Making Cosmetics USA {Shipping: International}
Products (carrier oils/vegetable oils, essential oils, hydrolates, body butters)

SunRose Aromatics USA {Shipping: International}
Products (essential oils, carrier oils/vegetable oils, hydrolates, body butters)

Out of Africa USA {Shipping: USA}
Products (body butters, carrier oils/vegetable oils, essential oils)

Wholesale Supplies Plus USA {Shipping: International}
Products (essential oils, carrier oils7vegetable oils, hydrolates, body butters)

N – Essentials Australia {Shipping: International}
Products (carrier oils/vegetable oils, essential oils, body butters, hydrolates, clays}

Go Native New Zealand {Shipping: New Zealand}
Products (carrier oils/vegetable oils, essential oils, body butters, hydrolates, clays, herbs}

 

 

 

Feb 102014
 
What are body butters?

Body butters are solid or semi-solid in their consistency ingredients. They are produced via extraction of various parts of the plants: seeds, trees and roots. Body butters have been used for centuries, all over the world, due to their nourishing properties. They are widely used in cosmetic products, as well as in culinary.

butter nuts, natureofeurope.com

Extraction of body butters

Body butters are extracted from various parts of the plants, usually by crushing and boiling the parts in water. The extracted body butters then rise to the surface, where they are scooped and left to cool off. No chemicals may be added to the body butters (in order to remain natural). They are best when they remain raw, unrefined.

Cosmetic use of body butters

Body Butters in Cosmetics, natureofeurope.com

1. Barefoot Botanicals Face and Body Wash 2. John Masters Organics Honey and Hibiscus Hair Reconstructor 3. Suki Intensive Nourishing Cream 4. Jurlique Rose Hand Cream 5. Akoma Skincare Black Soap 6. Trilogy Firming Body Lotion 7. Burts Bees Lip Balm 8. Alba Botanica Body Cream 9. Lavera Mango Milk Shampoo

There’s hardly any natural organic product which does not contain at least one body butter as an ingredient. Body butters are widely used on their own or mixed with other body butters, carrier oils/vegetable oils and essential oils. They are used in various natural organic skin care products (moisturizer, lip balm), body care (body wash, body lotion, body cream, hand cream) and hair care natural organic products (conditioner, shampoo, hair mask, etc…).

Body butters properties

Body butters are praised for their numerous nourishing and healing properties. They contain nutrient elements, such as fatty acids (linolenic acid, linoleic acid, stearic acid, palmitic acid and oleic acid). They also contain antioxidants, such as vitamin E. They have moisturizing and calming properties. Body butters are great for dry, mature and undernourished skin. They have great anti-aging properties. They promote skin elasticity, are great for treating various skin conditions such as dermatitis and eczema. Body butters are used as hair treatments, and are widely used in body care: body cream, body lotion, foot cream, hand cream. Due to their gentle, yet nourishing properties, they are used in variety of baby products.

  • Antioxidant properties (almond butter, cocoa butter, kukui but butter, mango butter, olive butter, shea butter)
  • Anti-inflammatory properties (aloe butter, mango butter)
Mostly used body butters

body butters, natureofeurope.com

1. Cocoa Butter 2. Shea Butter 3. Coconut Butter 4. Mango Butter

Shea butter is, by far, the most used body butter. Used on its own or mixed with variety of other cosmetic ingredients, such as essential oils and carrier/vegetable oils, shea butter can be found in moisturizers, lip balms, body lotions, hair conditioners. Coconut butter/oil is also very popular in natural organic cosmetic products, as well as in culinary. Cocoa butter and mango butter are used in lip balms and body lotions.

Body butters used based on the skin type

Most body butters can be used for any skin type. However, when used as a product for face, they should be in less concentration and mixed with other ingredients, such as carrier oils/vegetable oils, due to the fact when not used on the body, some body butters can prove to be comedogenic (for example: coconut butter/oil), and not suitable for oily and acne prone skin.

For more information on body butters and many other ingredients, please read our extensive ingredients list.

Where to buy body butters?

Akoma Skincare UK {Shipping: International}
Products (carrier oils/vegetable oils, essential oils, body butters, clays, black soap)

Aromantic UK {Shipping: International}
Products (essential oils, carrier oils/vegetable oils, hydrolates, body butters)

Holland&Barrett UK {Shipping: International)
Products (essential oils, carrier oils/vegetable oils, body butters)

Naturally Thinking UK {Shipping: International}
Products (carrier oils/vegetable oils, essential oils, body butters, hydrolates, clays)

Neal’s Yard Remedies UK {Shipping: International}
Products (essential oils, carrier oils/vegetable oils)

100% Pure Essential Oils USA {Shipping: USA, Canada}
Products (essential oils, carrier oils/vegetable oils)

Africa Imports USA {Shipping: International}
Products (body butters, carrier oils/vegetable oils, essential oils)

Aura Cacia USA {Shipping: USA}
Products (essential oils, essential oil blends, carrier oils/vegetable oils)

Bio Source Naturals USA {Shipping: USA}
Products (essential oils, carrier oils/vegetable oils, hydrolates)

Bramble Berry USA {Shipping: International}
Products (essential oils, carrier oils/vegetable oils, body butters)

Camden – Grey USA {Shipping: International}
Products (essential oils, carrier oils/vegetable oils, body butters)

Essential Wholesale USA {Shipping: International}
Products (carrier oils/vegetable oils, essential oils, hydrolates)

EO USA {Shipping: USA}
Products (essential oils)

e-Vitamins USA {Shipping: International}
Products (essential oils, carrier oils/vegetable oils, body butters, hydrolates)

iHerb USA {Shipping: International}
Products (essential oils, carrier oils/vegetable oils, body butters, hydrolates)

Lotion Crafter USA {Shipping: International}
Products (carrier oils/vegetable oils, essential oils, body butters, hydrolates)

Making Cosmetics USA {Shipping: International}
Products (carrier oils/vegetable oils, essential oils, hydrolates, body butters)

SunRose Aromatics USA {Shipping: International}
Products (essential oils, carrier oils/vegetable oils, hydrolates, body butters)

Out of Africa USA {Shipping: USA}
Products (body butters, carrier oils/vegetable oils, essential oils)

Wholesale Supplies Plus USA {Shipping: International}
Products (essential oils, carrier oils7vegetable oils, hydrolates, body butters)

N – Essentials Australia {Shipping: International}
Products (carrier oils/vegetable oils, essential oils, body butters, hydrolates, clays}

Go Native New Zealand {Shipping: New Zealand}
Products (carrier oils/vegetable oils, essential oils, body butters, hydrolates, clays, herbs}